We started this TPE with an analysis of the Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin Stadium, Malaysia, and the Plata Stadium, in Argentina.
Respectively, the one that collapsed and the one with a structure inspired by the spider’s web. We wondered whether this application of the biomimicry was simply used for aesthetic reasons or whether it also played a role in the sturdiness of the stadium. This brought us to our problematic: “Is the structure of the stadium of La Plata actually stronger than that of another stadium and if so, how?”
In order to answer this question, we first studied the manufacture of webs by spiders to then inspire us in a second part, including our experiences on webs that we built. Our experiment can be decomposed into three axes; we first measured the deformation for a weight applied to the center, then a distributed weight and finally we looked for the minimum mass causing a deformation. These experiments based on a comparison between different structures, seek to highlight the relevance of the use of that of the spider. In the last part, devoted to materials, we sought to apply these results to the very characteristics of the stadium.
So we have shown, with some limitations outlined before, that overall spider webs are virtually the ones that get the best results. This first allowed us to consider the stadium in a different manner, indeed, this research raised questions that do not jostle a simple viewer. Overall, our efforts, which have been mostly experiments and internet research, have led us to believe that cobweb structures are indeed the most resilient. In addition, they have a lot of advantages such as lightness, and therefore the ratio between the resistance and the amount of material is quite low, one could also speak simply of the technological prowess and the aesthetics of this stadium.
This stadium is a novelty in its field, engineers and workers had to adapt to new techniques that resulted in a very impressive result since the building is imposing while also being airy and bright. And moreover the spider web structure gives a certain beauty to this stadium which makes it stand out from the others. Biomimicry is not uncommon but is still under development. Through our research, we also noticed that other infrastructures were inspired by the spider web like the Fiera Milano shopping center in Milan or the Pompidou center in Metz.
This TPE has made us aware of the stakes and solidity of public infrastructure, which is why we believe that spider web structures have a real chance of being the future of architecture.
Finally, biomimicry does not only apply to architecture but in many other diverse and varied fields such as energy evolution with the example of a tidal turbine that is inspired by the movement of eels. This permits the production of electricity responsibly and does not interfere with the ecosystem compared to dams.
Here is a diagram that presents the whole progression of our TPE. It clearly shows the part that each of us played in the realisation of the final product.